Cappadocia is a joint creation of Nature and Human Reseurcefulness. The term Cappadocia is Persian for the "land of beautiful horses". It is an enchanting open-air museum and an unparalleled example of the common cultural heritage of humanity. Centred on the triangle of Nevsehir, Urgup and Avanos, Cappadocia is in the middle of a once active volcanic region. At the time when Anatolia was completing its geographical evolution, these volcanic eruptions were so strong that the lava in some places was up to 100 metres thick. Over many millions of years, volcanoes, wind, rain and ice sculpted what we know as Cappadocia. As the land eroded, the basalt stones remained and formed conical structures sometimes reaching as high as 45 metres.
The local people called these unique rock formations "Fairy Chimneys", a name that has endured throughout ages If nature wast the first artist to arrange the decor, it was Anatolian man who over the centuries carved the rocks and built houses, churches and over 120 underground cities. The largest of these, Ozkonak, once had a population of sixty thousand. The canyon formed by the Melendiz stream, which has pierced its way through the rocks, is called the Ihlara Valley.
Cappadocia defites description. You have to visit here and bathe in its atmosphere, colours and luminance.